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小升初英语应掌握的日常用语基础知识
文章来源:博师堂  发布人:bosteduljj  发布时间:2012年11月16日  浏览 3176
     小升初英语相比较中学的英语难度会低点,但是涉及的知识面还是广的,首先日常用语经常遇到的时间、数字、地点、食物、服装等,这些是肯定会学习到的,那么孩子们对小升初英语知识掌握的怎样呢?时态、句型等都是否搞明白了?有没有疏漏调的地方呢?检查检查就知道啦!
  1.字母:(大小)辨认、书写顺序;元音字母:A a , Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu
 
  2. 数字:1~999的基数词和序数词的运用,如计算、购物、时间、日期等。
 
  句型:①What's your number?②What’s the time?③How many pens are there?④How old are you?⑤How much is it?⑥How tall are you?⑦How heavy are you?⑧What time do you get up?⑨When's your birthday?⑩What time did you see him?
 
  3. 颜色:单词:red, pink, yellow, brown, blue, purple, orange, black, white, green.
 
  句型:①What colour is it? ②What’s your favourite colour?
 
  4. 时间:年、季节、月、星期、日、时刻: Season( spring, summer, autumn, winter)
 
  Month: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. Week: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.
 
  Day: 1st May (the first of May), May 2nd ( May the second) 句型:见话题2。
 
  5. 食品与饮料:人对食品与饮料的喜好;东西方食品。句型:①I like biscuits.②I’d like a cold drink.③Would you like some buns?④Do you want some rice? ⑤This isn’t my food.
 
  6. 服装:服装的颜色;人对服装的喜好;某人的穿戴; 所属关系;位置等。句型:①I like the green T-shirt.②Where’s my new cap?③Who’s shirt is this?④Is this your hat?
 
  7.物品:名词的单、复数;特点、颜色、所属关系;存在的位置(in, on, under, beside, behind, in front of, above, near, inside, outside)。玩具(toy car, doll, )文具(desk, book, bag ,pen, pencil, pencil-box, ruler, pencil sharpener,)句型:①What’s this?②What colour is it?③Whose is this?④This is my brother’s painting.⑤I have a puppet.⑥There's a car near the hospital.⑦Was it in the wardrobe?⑧Is there a book on the desk? ⑨That's not mine.
 
  8.动物和植物:cat, dog, duck, fish, sheep, bird, panda, monkey, rabbit, hen , cock, chick, tiger, lion, pig, cow , mouse (mice), elephant, ladybird, puppy, tree, flower, rose,
 
  9. 建筑与场所:factory, hospital, park, house, library, museum, office, farm, post office, bank, police station, railway station, bookstore, school, classroom, skating rink, café, house(bathroom, living-room, sitting-room, bedroom, kitchen),garden…
 
  10. 身体:head, hair, eye, nose, ear, mouth, neck, hand, finger, foot(feet) ,toe…外貌: fat, thin, tall, short, old, young, two big blue eyes, long hair, short hair, black hair. 句型:①This is my nose. ②
 
  Touch your head. ③Raise your arm.
 
  11. 个人情况:姓名、年龄、地址、特点与爱好。句型:①I'm twelve years old.②My hobby is reading.③I like music.④I'm interested in space.⑤My name is Peter.⑥I'm tall and thin. ⑦Do you have any hobbies?
 
  12. 家庭、亲属和朋友:姓名、年龄、地址、职业、特点与爱好、与你的关系
 
  family, grandfather(grandpa/granddad), grandmother(grandma/grand mum), father, mother, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, cousin, friend. 句型:①Who's he? He's my father.②He's a doctor③He likes playing games.④My father helps me.⑤Is he a soldier?⑥What’s he?
 
  13. 学校:学校建筑和学校生活。school, classroom, library, playground, Chinese, maths , English, music, computer, PE, art, science, 句型:①When do you go to school?②What time do you have English?
 
  14. 情绪和身体状态:happy, sad, tired, angry, shy, sorry, well, sick, 句型:①I'm sick.②I'm happy.③We are sorry.④ I feel sad.
 
  15. 社交礼仪:礼貌用语;询问与应答。句型:问候①Hello./ Hi.②Good morning/afternoon/evening.③How are you?④How do you do? ⑤Glad to meet you./ Nice to meet you. 介绍①My name is…②I’m a pupil.③I’m 12.④This is our teacher, Miss Chen. ⑤He is from Japan.道别①Goodbye./Bye.②See you.③Good night. 道谢①Thank you./Thanks.②You’re welcome. 道歉①Sorry.②I’m sorry.③Excuse me.请求①Can I have a puppy?②Can I borrow a pencil?③Yes, please.④Of course. 祝愿①Happy birthday.②Merry Christmas. 提供帮助①Can I help you?②What can I do for you?③What’s the matter? 寻求帮助和建议①What can I do? 用餐①Do you want some soup?②Would you like some rice?③I'd like a cold drink. 购物①Which one do you want?②Can I look at it?③I want a red one, please.④It's too expensive.⑤Have you got enough money? ⑥How much is it?
 
  16.国家与国庆日:China, Japan, America (the USA), English( the UK), Australia, Russia, Canada, Singapore, India, France, 句型:①When’s your country’s National Day? ②I come from China.
 
  17.天气与气候特征:hot, cold, cool, warm, sun, sunny, rain ,heavy rain, rainy, wind, strong wind, windy, snow , heavy snow, cloud, cloudy, …句型:①What's the weather like?②It’s a cold day.③Spring is warm and nice.④Tomorrow will be rainy. ⑤I like a sunny day.
 
  18. 节日:节日的特点;节日的活动。New Year's Day, Spring Festival, Children's Day, Mid-autumn Festival, Teachers' Day , National Day, Christmas Day, Dragon Boat Festival.
 
  19. 正在发生的事情:现在进行的动作和发生的事。句型:①Are you making a kite?②Peter is writing.③What's Anne doing?④Where are you going?⑤What are they doing?⑥Is he running?
 
  20.日常生活:日常生活、工作、学习的活动。句型:①I come to school by bus.②Your homework is good.③What time do you get up?④She always get up early.
 
  21. 计划与打算:计划和将要进行的动作 be going to do … 句型:①I’m/You’re /He’s/She’s /We’re/They’re (not) going to swim.②Are you going to swim?③Is he/she going to visit Anne?④What are you going to do?⑤What is he going to do?⑥When are they going to swim? ⑦Tomorrow will be rainy. ⑧ I'll stay at home.
 
  22. 能力和可能:能做某事或可能进行某事。句型:①Can you read and write in English?②Can I have a puppy?③What can you do?④She can run fast.
 
  23. 过去发生的事情或过去的打算:过去式。句型:①Where were you?②Who was first?③Was it in the wardrobe?④Benny took my ball.⑤Where did you go?⑥What did you do?⑦I came by plane. ⑧Anne wanted to skate.
 
  24. 对事物的比较:比较级和最高级。句型:①My singing is louder than yours.②I’m taller than you.③There more shops in Picture One.④Some stories are more interesting than others.⑤The most interesting stories.⑥Who is fatter?
 
  25.提醒与告示:①What does that sign mean?②Draw a cat on the roof.③Don't put your feet on the seat.④No speaking.⑤Do not go in.
 
  26.擅长和喜欢的事情:①I'm/ You're/ He's good at drawing.②I like playing basketball
 
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